The Role of Indonesian CSOs to Increase the Understanding of Difabled Issues in the Indonesian Criminal Justice System

Dio Ashar Wicaksana
Researcher of MaPPI-FHUI / Indonesia Judicial Monitoring Society
dioashar07@gmail.com

Abstract
Indonesia successfully amended Disabled People Law in early 2016. The fundamental amendment is creating equal rights and opportunity for disabled groups. Disability group in this context is the people who have physical and mental limitations to communicate and participate effectively with another people as equals. But, nowadays some people prefer using the term “difabled” than “disabled”.

Difabled alongside with feminist, LGBT and minority groups commonly known as a part of discriminated groups in society. Difabled activist believe that difabled is a natural part of human diversity – something that should be valued and respected, rather than pitied, feared and discriminated. Difabled people are potentially to be victim 4-10 times more than other people. Pusham UII (2015) highlighted the existence of many violations in the Indonesian criminal justice system to difabled people, such as: improper questioning, failure to process reports from blind people and a general atmosphere of disrespect to the difabled community. One of the major problems is the Indonesian law officers’ lack of knowledge and understanding of difabled groups.

The understanding of difabled people is significantly to find out justice in any cases. There is assumption that difabled people afraid and confused to give a testimony of criminal cases, because they fear and difficult to communicate with law officer. Thus, it is important to eliminate obstacle between legal officers with difabled people, therefore they can mutually communicate each other during the criminal process.

In Yogyakarta, Civil Society Organization (CSO) has significant role to increase understanding of difabled issues. In this instance, Sasana Integration and Advocacy of Difabled (Sigab) developed an inclusive village project in Yogyakarta. They provide education and socialization of difabled issues within village’s community. Another example, Pusham UII have developed the curriculum and module to provide training in legal institution (Police, Prosecutor and Judge).

This paper discuss the understanding of law officer after Indonesian disability law already enacted in early 2016. Thereafter, I will discuss how Indonesian CSOs helps to increase the understanding of difabled issues, to eliminate gap of knowledge between legal formal with practice area. I also discuss how Indonesian difabled people to understand of new perspective based on Indonesian disability act. It is important to know what they think about the new perspective – whether they rather accept and understand of the new perspective, than they are decided to be pity by society. Consequently, my research question is formulated: “How does the role of Indonesian CSOs to increase the understanding of difabled issues in the Indonesian criminal justice system?”

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